for building a democratic labour movement in India
Urea is the most Agricultural input and consumed in the highest amount as fertilizer. Subsidies on fertilizers were already slashed but the prices were still controlled and regulated by the government. Now, the government has decided to deregulate and free the prices of urea. This will certainly be devastating for small and marginal farmers who are already finding it difficult to cultivate their field due to drastically rising input costs.
An empowered group of ministers (EGoM) under Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee has cleared the proposal to free the prices of urea and bring it under the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) policy. The government has decided to raise urea prices by 10 per cent in the first year of the policy, after which the industry would be free to determine the prices.
At present, the price of urea is Rs 5,310 a tonne, which was increased from Rs 4,830 a tonne in 2010. Imports of urea have risen sharply to six million tonnes in 2010-2011 from 0.64 million tonnes in 2004-05. Last year, the total consumption was 28 million tonnes, of which 22 million tonnes was met through domestic production, according to official estimates.
Proposal to free urea prices gets GoM nod, http://www.business-standard.com/india/storypage.php?autono=445032
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Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration.”
What does labor want? We want more schoolhouses and less jails; more books and less arsenals; more learning and less vice; more leisure and less greed; more justice and less revenge; in fact, more of the opportunities to cultivate our better natures,”
Social progress depends not upon the ennoblement of the few but on the enrichment of democracy; universal brotherhood can be achieved only when there is an equality of opportunity - of opportunity in the social, political and individual life.
In the new global politico-economic regime with new international division of labour, informalization of labour, free mobility of capital, alarming expansion of reserve army of labour and creation of global reserve army of labour for capital, and a system of regulating at international level and deregulating at national level, the pre-globalization strategies of organizing and collective bargaining have largely become ineffective and irrelevant. Therefore the labour movements and the social, political movements in general need to develop and implement new strategies of organizing and collective bargaining effective in new global politico-economic regime.
Divide, isolate and rule is the most important aspect of the capitalism to control the labour by not letting the working class emerge as a unified force. Dividing the working class in different sectional interests, and intensifying social conflicts (caste, gender, religion, regionality and nationality conflicts etc) are important strategies of capitalism. On the other hand, by its various institutions and propaganda machinery, the capitalism blurs the link between various sectional problems and their linkage with the capitalist system and therefore the movements appear detached from each other and focused on their sectional issues rather than challenging the capitalist system that produces and reproduces these problems.
The fate of social, political movements in India depends on their attitude towards learning and building unity in diversity at various levels to defeat the capital’s attempts to divide, isolate and rule. The revival of the working class movement also depends on this factor.